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Customer SAVE
REAL Services' technically sophisticated clients included establishments that are primarily engaged in the manufacturing and utilization of Automotive manufacturing, products, components for general consumer use

These automotive manufactures maintenance programs include Ferrography and Oil Analysis; provided by REAL Services along with our exclusive SAVE REPORT that provides Return On Investment and Cost Justification of your PM Program.

Internal Combustion Engine

Case Study # 88

1994 Pontiac Grand Prix 3.1 Liter V-6 Engine. Although the equipment particle concetration (EPC) of 5,020 is within acceptable limits; this is the FIRST time this equipment was tested and rated CRITICAL September, 1999.

Recommendation: Consider scheduling this equipment for maintenance action. Specifically white non-ferrous metal Severe Sliding wear indicating incipient piston & cylinder failure mode.


Analytical results show the presence of 60 micrometer (um) non-ferrous metal particles. These large non-ferrous metal particles appear to be debris from the piston. This whit non-ferrous metal is most likely Aluminum.  Additionally, this large debris is of sufficient size to cause a metal to metal interference with close tolerance and clearance components.  Analysis shows the generation of 35um Rolling Contact (bearing) wear. This Rolling Contact wear is composed of a medium alloy steel. Testing also show the presence of 20um white non-ferrous metal wear. The size, shape and composition of these particles are of great concern.


Upon opening of inspection  engine; the two-(2) pistons were found with severe striations.

Secondary Damage, was minimized. Repairs were effected in a timely fashion.  Downtime was minimized.


Original Component Savings:                                           0.00
Secondary Damage Savings:                                           0.00
Down Time Min./Production hrs. Savings:                       0.00
Business Interruption:                                                         0.00
RUSH Shipping Cost Savings:                                         0.00
Parts & Inventory Warehouse Savings:                            0.00
Overtime Repair Savings:                                                  0.00    
                                Total SAVINGS:    $
Warranty Claim


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